Vertical vs. Horizontal Looms

I spend a lot of my time talking to people about weaving and this sometimes leads to discussions of looms. Most people are familiar with warp-weighted looms, but what other types of looms were used in the Middle Ages? Where and how were they developed? These types of looms are categorized as vertical or horizontal looms. The evidence is found for two styles of vertical looms, the warp-weighted loom, and the vertical two-beamed loom. There is also evidence for three styles of the horizontal loom: the heddle rod horizontal loom, the treadle horizontal loom, and the drawloom.

Banqueting Royal Couple Plate

7th CThis plate depcits a Royal Couple. The ram's head may be an animal shaped drinking vessel as seen in many Sasnaian Silverworks.

Khursraw's Ewer

500-650Ewer with an inscription of the owner's name. Khusraw, son of Babaq.

Vase

These figures may be divine, or representations of the seasons.

Plate decoration

500-650 shows decorative motifs.

Roundel

500-650 AD 

Roundel

This was originally listed in the museum as a deocartive attachment. The website now lists it as a lid. Based on Parthian era metal decorative attachments, I still believe this may have been sewn onto a clothing item. 

Bottle

Bottle depicting the Greek god Dionysus and a woman on the other side.

Bowl or decorative attachment

Probably Afghanistan400-600Shows Greek influence is still occuring at this time.

Bowl or decorative attachment

Probably Afghanistan400-600Shows Greek influence is still occuring at this time.

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