Flowers and Fleury Crosses

Flowers and Fleury Crosses

This textile was found amoung many others by Gayet in 1897. They were found in Antinoe, Egypt. Gayet and textile historians attribute this textile to Sasanian weavers.

The textile fragment measures 11 cm long and 37 cm wide. The textile is comprised of alternating rows of patterns. Each pattern row alternates two pattern motifs. The motifs are stacked on top of each other, in the rows. The two pattern rows are:

1) A flower with four petals (the flower also has four straight lines forming a diagonal in a box oulined in the background color and then outlined again in the pattern color, the final box outline ends in a line with a fleur de lis top) and a fleury cross with a circle of background color in a circle outline. The pattern, as photographed in Hoskins, appears to have half a flower desin at the selvedges. This would indicate a point threading that continues all the way to the selvedge.

 

2) 8 petaled flower in an open lotus configuration in a star outline and the same flower motif from the previous row. The 8 petal flower motif is reminiscent of an open lotus design, but very linear in nature.

 There are 11.5 designs repeating in the width, which means including the space between designs, each design is approximately 3.2 cm wide. There are 4, plus a bit rows in the height of the material. which gives and estimate of 2.75 cm per pattern. I currently only have access to a photo of this fabric in Hoskins (2002). I have measured the patterns in the photo, which do appear to actually be square. I would therefore estimate the patterns in the original to be 2.75cm in both hieght and width.

Musee Historique des Tissus, lyon France Museum number 28.519/4 (907.111.5)

Hoskins. N.A. (2002). Weft Faced Pattern We4aves: Tabby to Taquete. Valley Fibers Corporation. MA

Culture: 
Sasanid