Weaving vocabulary

Vocabulary

Damask- a weave structure in which the warp threads travel through pattern shafts and binding shafts. Satin is used for the binding structure for damask cloth.

Satin- a weave structure in which the threads are warped on the loom in straight succession: 1,2,3,4,5,etc. The binding pattern is interrupted and therefore allows the shine of the threads used to be the centrepiece of the cloth.

Samitum- a compound weft faced tabby. That is to say, a fabric which has more than one type/colour of weft thread and is bound in plain weave. The warp alternates between pattern shafts and binding shafts, unlike damask where the threads travel through both sets of shafts.

S-Spun yarn- when you look at these threads the twist follows the same line as the straight part of an S.

 

S Spun Yarn (graphic by EM Jones)

SspunYarn.gif

 

Tabby- the simplest of all weave structures, the weft travels under one warp thread then over one warp thread in every pick.

Taquete- a compound weft faced tabby. That is to say a fabric which has more than one type/colour of weft thread and is bound in plain weave. The warp alternates between pattern shafts and binding shafts, unlike damask where the threads travel through both sets of shafts.

Twill- a weave structure which forms a diagonal line(s) in the cloth, like denim fabric.

Warp- the threads (also called ends) that go on the loom and bind the weft threads together.

Weft- the threads that are placed in the shed to form the interlacement of the cloth, also called picks.

Z-Spun yarn- when you look at these threads the direction of the spin follows the same direction as the long part of a Z.

 

Z Spun Yarn (graphic by EM Jones)

ZspunYarn.gif