Peacocks & Unicorns

Peacocks & Unicorns

Dated: 1100-1150This piece of samitum/lampas is woven in 4 colors, Red, gold, black and blue. This appears to be woven in lampas using plain weave and twill. The motif is two peacocks and unicorns facing each other flanked by palm trees.This textile was analyzed in the “Characterization of Late Antique and Early Medieval textile production: Coptic, Sasanian, Byzantin and Spanish Muslim textiles in Spanish national collections” project headed by Dr. Laura Rodriguez Peinado under the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Department of Art History.The colors were shown to dyed using:Blue indigoCream not detectedRed no information given.This piece measures 12.5” length x 8.25-9.25” wideThe peacock pattern measures 7.5” long xy 8” wideThe large red circles on the tail measure .5” squareI estimate this is sett at 28 epiThis could be woven using a point threading for the pattern blocks.The textiles appears to have only gold warp and both plain weave and right hand twill in the textile. I assume that all other colors that appear are in the weft and it is thus weft faced.Lines of the peacock tail vary in angles from straight across to up and down, then Z TwillYou can see the square of each block close up the smallest circles appear to actually be crosses close up.Maximum of 3 colors appearing at once in the same pass.   

Museum Rereference Number: 
828-1894