Extant Textiles

Didymoi fragment 81-96 AD

The nature in which the Didymoi textile was excavated allowed for more precise dating to 81-96 AD. This textile was extremely well documented. Rogers et al (2001) presented the following analysis. The fragment included 60.5 cm (24 inches) of warp and 10.4 cm (4 inches) of weft. It included a tapestry woven clavus in purple. The clavus measured 2.5 cm (1 inch) wide and ran the entire length of the warp. The textile analysis stated the warp was an undyed Z-spun wool, sett at 29 to 36 epcm (63 to 79 epi)  in the damask ground weave and 34 epcm (75 epi) in the clavus.

Duck Samitum

Number 58 is the least preserved Sassanian textile in Weibel. Much of the wefts have worn away. This samitum is woven in silk and depicts a duck in a circle border. Motifs enclosed in roundels are fairly common design elements in textiles of this period, both Sasanian and Byzantine textiles.

Eagle Samitum

Number 35 was woven on a cotton ground with wool weft. The cloth depicted two eagles facing each other, suggesting the samitum was woven using a point threading for numerous pattern heddles. The pattern is reversible, which shows great skill of the weaver.This piece measured 19" by 18.5".

Elephant Tamer samitum

Thsi samitum is done in blue purple, green, organd and white silk. This is a ver Persian design with roundels encircling a cronwed person who is holding ithe turnks of two elephants, THere is a plamette scroll between the roundels.

Fantasy Beasts samitum

This silk samitum shows a series of 3 fantasy beasts, a begasus, a senmurv and and elephant/lion? Each beast is encircled in a roundel with circles within the rounel. The areal between the roundels contains a beautiful floral and heart design, which is difficult to accurately describe.

Gazelles Samitum

A stocking held at the Cluny Museum and attributed to Lucca weavers of the 13th to early 14th Centuries is a silk and gold thread samitum of paired crowned gazelles standing back to back and separated by palmettos  (Musee National du Moyen Age, 2003). This piece is considered a fragment of a liturgical stocking  (Musee National du Moyen Age, 2003).

Gladiator samitum

This samitum measure 37.25" by 16". It is a large iece of samitum depicting a gladiator in action. The design used red, white, yellow, blue and green silks. The design is well detailed of a Roman gladiator, which has been stated to be Samson, David and/or Hercules. The design also includeed a lion and a landscape. The design is repeated 4 times across the cloth, the figures alternate direction across the cloth.

Hares in Samitum

The design is described as a white background with the trees woven in red wool. Weible specified the design was woven sideways, a technique common in tapestry weaving. Weft faced designs are usually woven on the warp in the manner that allows for the best curves. Curves need the be built up gradually therefore the weaver normally weaves the design on the warp in the way that the most amount of curves are woven vertically on the loom, even if they will appear horizontally on the finished piece.

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